Festivals of India: Popular Indian Festivals Celebrations [Wiki and History]

India: The Land of Festivals

Indian Festivals India has been since time unknown the holy place of Gods and we have been since time immemorial celebrating so many festivals and occasions with so much enthusiasm, love, and respect for our culture. And do it would not be wrong to say that India is known as the land of festivals is no wrong. India having this rich heritage really has been built over so many centuries and this has in all gradually led to a huge variety in the Indian life, soul, culture and the festivals. There is without any doubt so much great diversity in the Indian regions and all these diversities actually have brought about an assortment of the rituals and festivals too in all.

History of Festivals of India

Each religion in our country actually follows its own calendar and time for deciding the day on which of the holy festival is to be celebrated. For example, the Hindu festivals are actually determined by the lunar Hindu calendar. Thus, the dates of all the holy Hindu festivals do not match with the solar Georgian calendar and so they are celebrated according to their own time. Each festival has its own importance and is celebrated with such a pure cause. Also since India has such a large Hindu population, it is also natural that most of its festivals are the Hindu festivals. And since the Hindus happen to personify nature and the human feelings, they also have about 3.3 million gods and goddess that they worship, and thus a number of festivals to pay worship to them.

Importance of Festivals of India

mahashivratri festival in India
Festivals of India

We also often see that some of these festivals are more popular in a particular region and celebrated with more excitement. Chhat, for instance, is a festival which is actually chiefly celebrated in the state Bihar, Navratri especially in Gujrat whereas everyone’s favourite Diwali is celebrated all over India. So are all these festivals celebrated to honour the Gods and to pay respect to them for the sacrifices they have made for the humans, to pay our respects to the Gods for saving us from the difficulties and to simply live some days in our lives in honor of the faith that we hold in our culture.

Every festival on its own actually has a social, religious and mythological value. Accordingly, for example, Dussehra has a great significance as people happen to believe that this is the holy occasion when goddess Durga had killed Mahisasura and had saved the people from the clutches of a great demon. This is also an occasion celebrated to fight against all that is evil and establish truth as the God Rama killed Ravana on this day. In the same way, the Janmashtami festival has also a great religious and social significance celebrated with much love. This is the occasion when Lord Krishna was born to kill Kansa and other demons and thus had saved the people from a great danger. This festival also teaches us how to fight evil and falsehood and establish the truth.

Festivals of India
10 top Popular Festivals of India

These all festivals have such an immense social and cultural value as in this way, Indian festivals having a great religious and social significance teach all a moral lesson and unite them. People forget all of their differences and then observe these festivals with a sense of togetherness and fulfillment.


However, there are some Festivals of India that are celebrated regionally but there are also some festivals that are celebrated with same love and excitement all over the nation.  Be it Christmas or be it Diwali, any state of the nation can be seen celebrating these festivals with same love and excitement. Every person seems to be excitingly waiting for these festivals to come again every year. There are some really popular and famous Festivals of India that are celebrated all over the nation.  Like be it Holi or Diwali, such festivals no matter what region or community or religion is it, all people irrespective of their backgrounds come together to celebrate it and enjoy together. Here is the list of some of the most popular festivals celebrated across the nation.

List of Popular Festivals Celebrated in India

  • Holi
  • Deepawali
  • Raksha Bandhan
  • Eid
  • Lohri
  • Makar Sankranti
  • Shivratri
  • Navratri
  • Hanuman Jayanti
  • Dussehra
  • Vasant Panchami etc

6 Popular and Top Festivals of India

  1. Holi
top Indian Festivals
Top Festivals of India

First, in our list of top Festivals of India comes the holi Festival. Every year, the craze for Holi never gets old. It usually comes in month of March or April. Each year, this festival is celebrated with so much love and affection. Known as the festival of colours, this festive occasion is actually quite popular among the other nations too. The warmth, the fun, and the togetherness that this festival holds is what makes this festival most special. People celebrate this festival by applying colors on each other and hanging out all day long. The festival is celebrated to mark the victory of good over evil. Prahlad, who was a worshipper of Vishnu had his father agonized for the Lord Vishnu were his enemy so Prahlad was subjected to be burnt by fire on his father’s command but his utter faith in Lord Vishnu saved him and so we celebrate this day today as to mark the victory of good over all evil. Every year, Holi is played with such enthusiasm and joy as the different shades of the colour dissolves the differences among the people as well as make people be together and have fun together.

Also Check: Top 10 Holi Songs with Video


2. Diwali (Deepawali)

essay on Diwali
Diwali Festival of India

Next in our list of top Indian festivals comes the Festival of Deepawali. There can be no debate about the topic that most people in India shall choose Diwali as their favourite festival. Usually celebrated either in October or November, it is one of the most auspicious days of the year. Let’s talk about the Diwali festival in the form of a short essay on Diwali. This festival holds so much importance in regard to our culture, our religion, and our faith. On this day, people exchange sweets and food item with each other, give each other gifts and wish each other good luck. During the night time, all come together be it the children or even the old, all celebrate this auspicious and holy day by bursting the crackers and rockets etc. to celebrate the return of Lord Rama back to Ayodhya. Following the year’s old tradition, the houses, streets etc. all are lit with diyas and candles as was done by the folks of the city of Ayodhya when their Lord Rama had finally come back after 14 years long exile.

The father of Lord Rama had subjected him to the exile of 14 years against his own will and being the greatest truthful and honest man ever to have walked on this earth, Lord Rama left behind everything he had and with his wife, Goddess Sita and his younger loving brother, Laxman went away for the exile. So Diwali is still celebrated for this very reason of Lord Rama’s return and because this festival is so pure and filled with joy,  it is the favourite of most people.


  1. Rakshabandhan
essay on Indian Festivals
Raksha Bandhan Festival of India

Celebrated mostly in August, this festival is celebrated all across the nation to signify and to celebrate the bond of brother and sister. On this day, the sister tied a ‘Rakhi’ which is a type of thread on the wrist of her brother and in return, the brother promises to save her from all bad and evil. It signifies the strong love and bond that the siblings hold for each other and how they promise to stand together against all odds in each situation and all circumstances. Supposedly, for the Rakhi that sister ties upon the wrist of her brother, the brother gets her a gift.  This is one of the most popular festivals celebrated all over the nation among all age groups and this is especially quite popular among the sisters as on this day, there are rewarded with so much love, appreciation and gifts.


4. Eid

Popular Festivals of India
Popular Festivals of India

India is the land of so many different religions, communities, races etc. so it becomes very obvious that the nation together not only celebrates the Hindu festivals mainly but also celebrates all kinds of festivals together be it Eid-which is a holy occasion for the Muslims. The famous dish- Sevaiyaan is quite popular for this occasion as it is prepared in so many homes and is then exchanged among people as a sign of love, respect and honour for each other. This day brings together people be it Muslims or Hindus or Christians as everybody happens to know the importance of this festival. Eid is also one of the most awaited Festivals of India. The Muslims fast for a month before Eid and only eat once a day mostly after the sun sets and then with such happiness and joy, welcomes the holy day of Eid. The Muslims, all over the world, celebrate it with great pomp and show, zeal and gusto.

This festival marks the end of Ramadan. Ramadan is a holy month of fasting. The Muslims observe fasts for a full month after sighting the moon of ‘Ramzan’. When the month of ‘Ramzan’, is over and the moon of Eid is sighted, they end their Roja (fasts). In this way, the Muslims break their month-long fast. The next day, the festival of Eid is celebrated. And so every year it comes off on the first day of the month of Shawwal. It is a day of gaiety, festivity and feasting. 

It is worth utter faith believed that fasting in the month of ‘Ramzan’ purifies the soul. The prayers after fasting save them from going to hell and open the doors of heaven. Thus, they lead a pure and holy life during the month of ‘Ramzan’. They observe fasts, offer regular prayers in the form of ‘Namaz’; read the holy Koran, feed the hungry and give alms to the poor. No doubt, that this festival holds so much importance and love among the people of all races.


5. Bhaiya Dooj

Bhai Dooj Quotes
Bhaiya dooj Celebrations in India

On 5the position, we have the Bhai Dooj Festival in our list of popular Festivals of India.  It is usually celebrated after Diwali- just a few days later. It is said to be quite similar to the festival of Raksha Bandhan but to balance out the extra love and care given to sisters on the day of Raksha Bandhan, the brothers are gifted something by their sisters on this day. On this day, sisters pray and wish for the long life, health, wealth and prosperity of their brothers. The brothers in return take a lifelong vow to protect their sisters. On the day of Bhai Dooj, brothers and sisters reaffirm their pious bonds of affection. According to the Hindu Mythology, This day is celebrated in remembrance of the ancient myth.

According to Hindu mythology, Lord Krishna defeats Narakasura on Diwali and visits her sister Subhadra. And during his visit, Subhadra welcomed her brother with sweets and flowers. Also, she applied ‘Tilak’, on his forehead as a sign of victory. And this is said to be the beginning of this ritual. This ritual is celebrated in India as Bhai Dooj and in Nepal as Bhai Tika.



essay on Christmas
Essay on Christmas: Indian Festivals

Next, in our list of top Festivals of India comes the Christmas. When it comes to talk about the most beloved festival of the whole world, it has to be ‘Christmas’ without any doubt. People get excited to celebrate the occasion a month before for the day comes with so much happiness, warmth and joy for everybody. The Christmas trees are brought into the home, decorated with lights,  everybody is given a gift, carols are sung, children wait for the Santa Claus to come. The day brings with itself relaxation, closeness, and love for everyone across the globe. For everybody becomes so happy on this day, it surely is one of the most beloved days of the year. Christmas actually celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ, who Christians believe is the son of God. His birth date is unknown because there is little information about his early life.

There is disagreement among scholars on when Jesus was born. Christians celebrate Jesus’ birthday on December 25. To honour and love the Lord Jesus for what he did for humanity, the day is so celebrated both so much love and passion all over the world. So, this was short essay on Christmas.

So we see that why India is such a diverse nation as it celebrates every important and auspicious occasion whether be it Eid of Muslims or Diwali of Hindus or Christmas of Christians. Because it treats and respects every festival ( tyohaar) with same love and enthusiasm, no doubt India is a loved country.

So, this was all about the Top 6 Indian festivals and popular Festivals of India. Don’t forget to share this post with your friends and if you have anything to say you can share your views via the comments section below. Stay tuned with HoliDiwaliFestivals for more such Festivals news and updates.





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